b. “…or drugs”
It would not be difficult to identify some notorious substances like heroin, ketamine or marijuana as drugs. But what about some common flu medicine which most people know may cause drowsiness? One should note that the offence under this part of section 39 does not require the driver to be aware of the nature of the drugs. The core issue is: whether or not the intake of such substance would take away the driver’s ability to control the vehicle. In other words, it does not matter whether the drug is the notorious ketamine or a common flu medicine; if the driver is affected by the drug to the extent that he is incapable of having proper control of the vehicle, he is guilty of the offence.