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I. Matters related to the Employment Ordinance
A brief explanation for a "Contract of Employment"
What is the duration of a contract of employment?
What is a "continuous" contract of employment?
How can a "contract of employment" and a "contract for service by independent contractor (or self-employed person) be distinguished"?
I accepted a new job offer from a company with the understanding that I would begin work on a certain date. I gave one month notice to my current employer to terminate my employment contract. One week before I was to begin my new job, I received an email from the new company stating that they were holding off on any new recruitment as they were bringing new investors in. Since I had already given notice to my current employer (and new person hired and trained), I was left without employment. Is there any recourse to take against the company that offered me the new job?
My secretary has damaged the computer in my office and I intend to deduct $3,000 from her salary this month for compensation. Can I make this deduction? When will I be entitled to deduct salaries from my employees?
My previous month's salary is overdue by 10 days. Has my boss violated the law?
My previous month's salary is one month overdue and my boss told me that he is unable to pay it. Has he breached the employment contract? Can I terminate my employment contract immediately and claim compensations?
My place of work has suddenly shut down and I haven’t received my salary since last month. I think that the company is in huge financial difficulty and it is likely to become insolvent. Do I have the chance to get back my salary (or part of my salary)?
If my employer is likely to become insolvent, then where can I seek assistance?
Termination of employment and the relevant payments
I suspect that my sales executive has repeatedly sent client details to a rival company and I want to dismiss him. Can I terminate his employment contract immediately without giving him advance notice or wages in lieu of notice?
I am an office clerk and my boss always orders me to move heavy goods inside the warehouse. I think that this is not commensurate with my job duties because my boss did not specify it during the job interview. Can I resign without giving him prior notice or wages in lieu of notice?
What constitutes unreasonable dismissal?
I am going to dismiss a staff member with one of the valid reasons for dismissal. Am I required to give him advance notice or wages in lieu of notice?
What constitutes an unreasonable variation of the terms of an employment contract?
If I (as an employee) am facing unreasonable dismissal or unreasonable variation of the terms of my employment contract, then what can I do to protect my rights?
What constitutes unreasonable and unlawful dismissal?
If I am unreasonably and unlawfully dismissed by my boss, then what can I do to protect my rights?
When is an employer required to pay a severance payment to an employee?
When is an employer required to pay a long service payment to an employee?
I am going to terminate the employment contract of one of my staff members. Can I use my previous contribution to his Mandatory Provident Fund (MPF) to offset part of the severance payment/long service payment payable to him?
My employee has tendered his resignation and his last day of employment is the 30 September. He has 10 days of untaken annual leave. If he takes all the annual leave continuously from the 21 to the 30 September as final leave, when should I make the termination payments?
Holiday/annual leave/sick leave/maternity leave and their relevant payments
Should employees receive salaries for their rest days?
My boss ordered me to work this Sunday (which is my usual rest day). Can I reject his order?
Should employees be paid for their statutory holidays?
Can I order my staff to work on statutory holidays by making substitute payments?
How is sickness allowance calculated? When will I be entitled to sickness allowance?
My boss fired me during my sick leave for which I had a valid medical certificate. Has he violated the law?
My expected date of confinement is coming soon and I have served a notice of pregnancy to my boss. When can I commence my maternity leave?
Should I receive salary during my maternity leave?
One week after serving the notice of pregnancy, my employer fired me. Has he violated the law?
Since I notified my boss of my pregnancy, he sometimes assigns heavy work to me. I think that he wants me to resign so he can avoid paying compensation or avoid giving maternity leave. Can he do that?
What should the male employee do to take paternity leave?
Should I receive salary during my paternity leave?
What legal consequences will my employer face if he fails to grant statutory paternity leave or fails to pay statutory paternity leave pay?
End of year payment
Are employers required to pay year-end double pay or bonuses to employees?
How do I calculate my end of year payments? When will I receive the money?
Mandatory Provident Fund (MPF)
My employer has not made any MPF contribution or contribution to other retirement scheme for me since the beginning of my employment. Has he violated the law?
Can employers reduce their employees' benefits or change the terms of employment contracts to evade liabilities under the Mandatory Provident Fund Schemes?
Can employers re-engage their employees under new contracts as self-employed persons in face of the implementation of the Mandatory Provident Fund Schemes to reduce the employees' benefits that are payable under the Employment Ordinance and other labour legislation?
Employment (Amendment) Ordinance 2010
II. Matters related to the Employees' Compensation Ordinance
Work-related injuries and the relevant compensations
What is meant by "an accident arising out of and in the course of employment"?
Under what circumstances are employers NOT liable to pay compensation for work injuries?
Are there any circumstances in which employers are also liable to pay compensation for injuries that are suffered outside of the workplace (or outside of Hong Kong)?
What is a "compensable occupational disease"?
My husband died of an accident that happened during his work. What compensation is payable to me or my family members?
I was injured and disabled due to an accident that happened during my work. What compensation is payable to me or my family members?
Besides the above-mentioned compensations, am I entitled to other payments (e.g. medical expenses) for my work injury?
What is the time limit for employers to report work-related accidents to the Labour Department?
Can employees report work-related accidents to the Labour Department?
What are the arrangements for paying compensation?
If I cannot settle the work injury compensation matters with my employer amicably, then what is the time limit for bringing my case to the Court?
Are employers obliged to take out compensation insurance policies for all employees?
If I am not satisfied with the amount of compensation granted according to the ECO, or I think that my employer has wrongfully neglected the safety measures, then can I claim more?
III. Other major employment and labour legislation
Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance
Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance
Statutory Minimum Wage
Coverage of the Ordinance
How to count hours worked
How are ‘hours worked’ calculated?
Should meal break and rest days be paid?
Should on-call or standby time be counted as ‘hours worked’?
How do we deal with commission?
Wages payable to employee in respect of wage period
Employer to record the total numbers of hours worked by employee
What is the monetary cap if the wage period is not a calendar month?
What is the format required for the record of the total number of hours worked?
IV. The Labour Tribunal and the Labour Department
Introduction to the Labour Tribunal
What work does the Labour Tribunal carry out?
What types of claim does the Tribunal hear?
What should I do if I decide to file a claim?
How much does it cost to file a claim?
What will happen after I have filed a claim?
What will happen if the Tribunal cannot serve my claim on the Defendant?
What will happen if the Defendant agrees to pay the claim in full?
What will happen if the Defendant admits the claim, but cannot pay immediately?
What will happen if the Defendant disputes the claim in part or in whole?
What will happen if the Defendant ignores the claim?
What will happen at the first hearing?
What will happen at any further hearings?
What should I do if I fail to turn up for a hearing and my claim is struck out (declined)?
Can Defendants object to the Tribunal's judgments if they are absent from the hearings?
If the parties cannot reach an amicable settlement at the first hearing, how can I be prepared for the subsequent trial?
Can a judgment (Court/Tribunal's decision) be reviewed?
Can the Claimant or the Defendant appeal to a higher court?
Can a decision of the Court of First Instance of High Court be appealed?
How do I appeal against a decision of the Tribunal or the Court of First Instance?
How do I get back the money that I am awarded?
As a judgment creditor (for which I am entitled to compensation according to Court/Tribunal's judgment), can I enforce the judgment if the judgment debtor has lodged an application for leave to appeal?
What will happen to the Defendant who fails to pay the sum payable under the award of the Labour Tribunal?
Introduction to the Labour Department of the HKSAR Government
Labour Department (www.labour.gov.hk)
Hong Kong Judiciary (www.judiciary.hk/en/home/index.html)
Mandatory Provident Fund Schemes Authority (www.mpfa.org.hk)
Occupational Safety & Health Council (www.oshc.org.hk)
Hong Kong e-Legislation (www.elegislation.gov.hk/)
The Law Society of Hong Kong (www.hklawsoc.org.hk)
The CLIC Team
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